Geisinger Medical Laboratories/Geisinger Proven Diagnostics Test Catalog

Order Display Name: Geisinger Epic Procedure Code Or ID CPT Code:  

LYSOSOMAL ACID LIPASE ACTIVITY, BLOOD

ORDERING INFORMATION:
Geisinger Epic Procedure Code: LAB1154         Geisinger Epic ID: 52541

SPECIMEN COLLECTION
Specimen type:
Whole blood
Preferred collection container:
Specimen required:
3 mL whole blood; minimum 0.5 mL

SPECIMEN PROCESSING
Transport temperature:
Frozen.
Specimen stability:
Room temperature: 7 days. Refrigerated: 14 days. Frozen: 28 days.

TEST DETAILS
CPT code(s):
82657
Note: The billing party has sole responsibility for CPT coding.  Any questions regarding coding should be directed to the payer being billed.  The CPT codes provided by GML are based on AMA guidelines and are for informational purposes only.
Methodology:
Fluorometric Enzyme Assay
Synonyms:
Quest test code 36455, LAL Activity
Clinical significance:
Lysosomal acid lipase deficiency (LAL-D) is a lipid storage disorder with two clinically distinct phenotypes, Wolman disease (WD) and cholesteryl ester storage disease (CESD). Both phenotypes follow an autosomal recessive inheritance pattern and are caused by mutation in the LIPA gene. WD, the early onset phenotype of LAL deficiency, is characterized by vomiting, diarrhea, failure to thrive, abdominal distension, and hepatosplenomegaly. Peripheral blood lymphocytes are vacuolated and foam cells are present in the bone marrow. Approximately 50% of infants have adrenal calcifications. WD typically presents in the first weeks of life and is fatal in infancy. CESD, the late onset phenotype of LAL deficiency, is clinically variable with patients presenting at any age with progressive hepatomegaly and often splenomegaly, leading to microvesicular steatosis and often liver failure. CESD is likely underdiagnosed and frequently diagnosed incidentally after liver pathology reveals findings similar to non- alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) or nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). The LAL-D test is used to evaluate patients with a clinical presentation suggestive of lysosomal acid lipase deficiency and support a diagnosis of disease.

Performing Locations

Quest Diagnostics

Technical Lead: Michael Weaver    
Frequency: Set up: Tues; Report available: 5-13 days    
Performed stat? No
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